How Does Bone Grafting Work?

How Does Bone Grafting Work?

Oct 01, 2023


If you’re considering dental procedures to restore your smile and improve oral health, you might have come across the term “bone grafting.” But what exactly is bone grafting, and how does it work? This article explores dental bone grafting, its purpose, the procedure involved, and the various bone graft materials used. So, if you’ve been searching for a dentist near you, specifically for bone grafting, look no further. At Bronxville Dentistry, led by Michael Aviel DDS, we provide the information you need to make informed decisions about your dental health.

What is Bone Grafting?

Bone grafting is a specialized dental procedure used to repair and restore bone tissue in the jaw. It involves taking bone material, either from the patient’s body (autograft), a donor (allograft), an animal (xenograft), or synthetic material (phalloplasty), and placing it in the area that requires regeneration. The primary goal of bone grafting is to stimulate new bone growth, enhance the support for dental implants, address bone loss due to periodontal disease, or reconstruct damaged jawbones.

Explanation of the Bone Grafting Procedure

Now that we know the purpose of bone grafting let’s take a closer look at the procedure. The initial step involves a consultation with your dentist in 10708, such as Dr. Michael Aviel DDS, who will carefully examine your oral health and determine whether bone grafting is necessary for your specific condition.

  1. Pre-Procedure Evaluation: X-rays and many other imaging techniques will be used to assess the bone loss or damage range during this initial evaluation. This information will help the dental professional choose a treatment plan specific to your needs.
  2. Source Selection: As mentioned earlier, bone graft materials can be sourced from different origins. Your dentist will discuss the options and recommend the most suitable type for your case. Each type has its benefits and considerations; your dentist will help you understand these factors.
  3. Bone Graft Placement: On the day of the procedure, you will be given anesthesia to ensure your comfort. The dentist will then make an incision in the affected area and carefully insert the bone graft material. The graft acts as a scaffold, stimulating your body’s natural healing process and promoting the growth of new bone.
  4. Healing and Integration: Over the next several months, your body will integrate the graft with your bone tissue. The healing process may vary depending on the type of graft used and your body’s response.
  5. Dental Implants or Further Procedures: Once the new bone has adequately developed, you may undergo dental implant surgery if that is the purpose of the bone grafting. Alternatively, the bone grafting procedure itself addressed your dental concerns.

Types of Bone Graft Materials Used

Bone graft materials can be divided into four main types, each with unique properties and applications.

  1. Autografts: These grafts are harvested from the patient’s body, commonly from the hip, chin, or other areas with abundant bone tissue. Autografts offer excellent compatibility and successful integration but require an additional surgical site.
  2. Allografts: Allografts come from human donors and are processed and treated to minimize the risk of rejection and transmission of diseases. They are readily available and eliminate the need for a second surgical site.
  3. Xenografts: Xenografts are derived from animal sources, and xenografts are processed to make them biocompatible with human tissues. They are an alternative to human or synthetic grafts.
  4. Alloplasts: Alloplastic grafts contain synthetic materials like ceramics, calcium phosphates, or biocompatible polymers. They offer stability and predictability in the grafting process.
  5. Composite Grafts: Composite grafts combine two or more types of bone graft materials to leverage the unique advantages of each component. For example, an autograft might be combined with an alloplastic or allograft to enhance bone regeneration and support.


In conclusion, bone grafting is a remarkable dental procedure vital in restoring oral health and supporting dental implants. Whether you need bone grafting in Bronxville, NY, or anywhere else, understanding the procedure and the types of bone graft materials is crucial. At Bronxville Dentistry, led by Michael Aviel DDS, we prioritize your oral health and give you a comprehensive range of dental services, including bone grafting, to help you achieve a confident smile. So, if you’re a dental patient seeking top-quality care, don’t hesitate to schedule a consultation with our experienced team today. Remember, a radiant smile starts with a strong foundation of healthy bones.